The conclusion that the nature of social formations in the periphery is dependent on how they are integrated with the world capitalist system does not seem to be universal either. There is an element of truth in the above idea. To this end we can start by saying that modernization is thought of as a concept that states that the development of societies can be considered as a standard evolutionary pattern that has a tendency to stimulate growth. Communication, Eye contact, Learning 817 Words 3 Pages with its dependency. Then it will go on to analyze the relevancy of dependency theory to developing countries. Allied health professions, Health, Health care 1439 Words 4 Pages underdevelopment can only be explained by dependency theory. Hence, this theory was an alien and is still an alien to the third world countries.
As a motivational aid, this theory is an excellent boost to the drive of a developing society, but it is not the solution. He combined modernization and socialism. He espoused that internal conditions were the source of the major problems in underdeveloped countries, and recommended state intervention to promote nationally controlled industrialization as a precondition for evolution of other industrial sectors. Both of them strongly advocated that the underdevelopment of the Third World Periphery was conditioned by the development and expansion of a developed economy upon which the former was dependent. It must be praised not only for bringing to light the weaknesses of the theories of development and under-development but also for its emphasis on the analysis of both the historical process and socio-economic politico-cultural factors of development and underdevelopment. It means that while Europe and America busy exploiting Africa, the urban areas are also busy exploiting their rural areas. Rodney, W 1972 How Europe Underdeveloped Africa, Washington, D.
Gold believed that Taiwan was undeniably restructured by Japan, it was not underdeveloped. Most economies in Africa invest in agriculture, manufacturing and tourism. It can be seen as an opposition theory to the popular free market theory of interaction. But this 'modernisation theory' is increasingly being challenged today About 50 years ago, many countries around the world—freshly decolonised and newly named underdeveloped or developing, embarked on varying projects of national development. Smith 1973, 61 pointed out that modernization is about exchanging of older agriculture practices with something more recent. By ignoring the involvement and participation of the target community, modernity achieves the marginalization of their commitment, creativity and support of the intervention strategies. This was happening, in recent times, with the oil rich countries also.
However, if your production employees are lack of motivation they will be not motivated to produce the amount of product demanded, thus will be very costly. In essence, modernization theory has shown that it is borrowed from foreigners and is not applicable both in theory and practice and this is evidenced by a series of approaches developed after it such as the actor oriented approach, participatory development and sustainable development. When I think about this question, the first thing that comes to mind is a job interview. The dependency theory takes a far more global view and postulates that the difficulties in development are not due solely to the internal workings of the country or region in question, but have more to do with the global structures imposed by the developed onto the less developed. This put us on the path of social.
Finally, Frank argues that Western aid money is another means whereby rich countries continue to exploit poor countries and keep them dependent on them — aid is, in fact, often in the term of loans, which come with conditions attached, such as requiring that poor countries open up their markets to Western corporations. One can argue that it has more strengths than weaknesses, yet in my opinion, it has more weaknesses than strengths. Development, Modernization, Sociocultural evolution 2248 Words 6 Pages Modernization theory is the process of transforming from a traditional or underdeveloped society to a modern Western societies way of life. This will allow me to conclude how sophisticated new dependency studies are in overcoming the flaws of the classical dependency studies. According to modernity, policies intended to raise the standard of living of the poor often consist of disseminating knowledge and information about more efficient techniques of production. African American, Black people, F.
The rise of one group of semi-peripheries tends to be at the cost of another group, but the unequal structure of the world economy based on unequal exchange tends to remain stable. According to this each society would evolve inexorably from barbarism to ever greater levels of development and civilization. Development projects under modernization theories did not take into account the continuity after the aid and there was no provision for self drive for development. For example, it is automatically assumed by thinkers like Rostow that this is the correct way for an underdeveloped society to develop, without considering the implications or alternatives. Dependency theory's first weakness is that its over generalization by assuming that the reason behind the backwardness of the developing nations is the same neglecting other factors such as class and internal conflicts in that nations. One, coal deposits usually found in tropical climates were found in the North Pole. It provides a set of descriptive characteristics of dependence as well as its causal connections.
Phenomenally, development is the end result of the interactions between various physical, technological, economic, social, cultural and political institutional factors Singh, 1999. I am also very organized. Since it is the only market leader. According to Peter Berger, the four major characteristics of modernization are the following. Instead, it sought to find the connecting dots between the richer and the poorer nations, so that the latter can improve their quality of living.
In fact, this theory has led to massive exploitation and expropriation of the poor countries by the rich. Accounts and allows for cognitive processes. Both the theories lack in certain places thus fail to escape criticism, however the Dependency Theory looks at development in a broader aspect. He believes that the position of the United States is very strong because of the importance of its financial markets and because it controls the international — the. If we accept his personal understandings of what each stage stands for, then everything will be ok. However, as stated previous, due to military force or economic sanctions this may not be possible.