Brahma marriage has the most supreme position of the eight types of Hindu matrimony. The family of the bridegroom welcomes the groom and his wife. His explanation can be analysed from three angles: A aims of the Hindu Marriage; B Main rituals Which are involved in the Hindu marriage; and C the basic beliefs and values underlying the Hindu, marriage. It thus involves sacrifices on the part of both the husband and the wife for each is called upon to bear with the other. The 13 intricate stages of the actual Hindu wedding ceremony enforce the seriousness of what a marriage entails through the various rituals and mantras.
They need to wait for three years only after puberty for some responsible elder to arrange for their marriage, but no more. Let us consider a few of them. A Hindu marriage is an elaborate social engagement and contract, in which elder on both sides play an important role in fixing the marriage, performing the ceremony and supporting the couple until they settle down. Marriage Rituals In arranged marriages the marriage is consummated through elaborate ceremonies presided over by a Vedic priest well versed in Vedic mantras. We may safely assume that the law books were enforced mostly in Vedic communities among the upper castes. In fact, marriage is not considered complete or valid until consummation. B Important Rites Associated with Hindu Marriage : Among the Hindus there are certain rites which must be performed for marriage to be complete.
But the cases take years and decades before the courts deliver justice. Their importance in Hindu life can be understood from the fact that while in the early law cremation was prescribed for a child who had completed two years, in the later law it was enjoined in the case of a child who had undergone the sacrament of tonsure. She has to leave her parent's home to begin life anew in her her husband's house, amidst new people and new surroundings. Often, a live instrumental band plays. This ritual for which there is no reference in the Dharmashastras is more in practice in South India than in the North.
Archived from on 23 October 2014. Since there was no formal ceremony and the consent of the elders was not obtained, such marriages were not socially approved or recognized by the families of the groom or the bride. In some instances the expenses are shared by the groom side also. Wherever the consent of a guardian in marriage is necessary for a bride under this Act, the persons entitled to give such consent are the following: the father; the mother; the paternal grandfather; the paternal grandmother; the brother by full blood; the brother by half blood; etc. That would be a holy crime. Such marriages were common in the past when Vedic sacrifices were popular, and when the host of the sacrifice had many daughters through multiple wives.
Hindu marriages are also very expensive because of the status, dowry, expensive gifts, family prestige and other issues involved. It is a union of two individuals as husband and wife, and is recognized by law. As in other Vedic sacrifices, Agni, the fire God acts as the primary recipient of the offerings that are made to gods in the marriage. Mutual fidelity and devotion to the partner are still considered to be an essence of marriage. One of the effects was the proliferation of child marriage in North India during the medieval period which was very rare in Vedic India. Polygamy was an acceptable norm in ancient Hindu society. It is very pathetic for the lover couple.
Love marriage was also seen in historical Hindu literature and has been variously described by many names, such as Gandharva vivaha. On the other hand, the Hindus do not have the custom of proposal and acceptance and they do not believe in the capacity of making a contract. Somewhere in the course of time, arranged marriages became predominant and love marriages became unacceptable or at least frowned upon. On the day of the wedding the bride and the groom sit under the Mandap or the scared canopy for this ritual. It is not uncommon for middle-or upper-class weddings to have a guest list of over 500 people. Controversies apart, marriages are still made in heaven for the average Hindu couple. All these ceremonial rituals revolves around the main one which is termed as the Saptapadi literal meaning: Sapta-Seven and Padi-Steps where the bride and the groom utter the seven vows of the wedding, hence the marriage, all the while revolving around the sacred fire, seven times.
Every boy needed to carry on the name of his family. At the point when a marriage is performed with the religious substance under the support of a religious establishment, it is a religious marriage. The wife was more of a passive partner in the performance of religious duties than an intellectually active participant in all his affairs. But among the Muslims, marriage takes place between kiths and kins. Today, parents are anxious about the life of their child and take the consent of their kid, before deciding the marriage. Similarly, marriage is said to be essential for woman because that is the only sacrament that can be performed for her. It is an essential aspect of the four ashramas brahmacharya, grihastha, vanaprastha and sanyasa and the four aims purusharthas of human life, namely, dharma, artha wealth , kama sensuous pleasures and moksha salvation.
However, even in today, in some parts of India, where the law is slack, you may often hear cases where either the groom or the bride are kidnapped and married forcibly. Mann considers vivaha marriage a necessary social tradition for practicing the Grihastha dharma. Various sociological studies conducted in the last few decades have revealed that the trend in age at marriage from 1930 onwards has shown a continuous change. Where the Vedic influence was weak, people probably followed the local customs. According to Hindu marriage Act 1955 passed in India, the eligible age for marriage is 21 years in case of a boy and 18 years in case of a girl. These obligations would cease to exist only on the death of the householder. It would be pertinent to mention the remarkable changes in ancient Hindu Law in India through the Hindu Marriage Act, 1955.