Journal of Biogeography, 19 5 : 521-529. These include the following efforts: wearing proper footwear at night, using mosquito nets while sleeping, carrying a light while walking at night to avoid stepping on snakes, and promoting simple changes in land use management, such as removal of bushes and garbage that might provide shelter to snakes. Rock-cut Lord ---- Statue at Bojjanakonda near of district in The epic mountain Jindhagada is the highest mountain in the Eastern Ghats situated in , district in. The Velikonda Range eventually descends to the coastal plain in northern district, while the Nallamalla Range continues to the. There is an urgent need to work with communities to reduce conflict between humans and snakes that will protect the king cobra and aid in conserving the biodiversity of the Eastern Ghats.
By establishing a community-based farming cooperative using snake-friendly practices, together we aim to create a model for other farms around the world to reduce conflicts with snakes in rural farming communities. One of the biggest characteristics of Eastern Ghats lie in its being extremely fertile. Thus presently the coffee cultivation reached 1 lakh acres and maintained by the tribal farmers. Search Eastern Ghats and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Typical grasses of the ecoregion include Chrysopogon fulvus, , Eremopogon foveolatus, Aristida setacea, and species. The Cycad Newsletter, 30 4 : 28-29. It also gave a stimulus to the creative genius of the people resulting in the sculptural exuberance of the stupas at Amaravati and Nagarjunakonda and scores of other Buddhist sites in the state.
A genus tends to contain species that have characteristics in common. Characteristics of Eastern Ghats : Eastern Ghats are older than Western Ghats. Currently king cobras are listed as Vulnerable in the. Stretching like a mountainous spine down the western edge of India, the Western Ghats are a unique mountain range that harbours an incredible diversity of flora and fauna. They are are located between 11 o 30' and 22 o N latitude and 76 o 50' and 86 o 30 E longitude in a North-East to South-West strike. Invertebrates animals with no backbone, such as insects, crustaceans, worms, molluscs, spiders, cnidarians jellyfish, corals, sea anemones and echinoderms. Rural communities in the Eastern Ghats of India are primarily poor and lack access to appropriate medical care when a snakebite occurs.
Sirumalai and Karanthamalai hills of Tamil Nadu lies in the southern most part of the Eastern Ghats. The Eastern Ghats are not as high as the. The mountain ranges run parallel to the. Unfortunately, not even protected areas are safe from such threats, as hunting, firewood extraction, timber felling and livestock grazing apply pressure on the fringes of these important refuges. Guru Sikhar 1,722 m , the highest peak, is situated in Mt.
Of the 500 bird species known from the Western Ghats, around 22 species occur nowhere else in the world. Although most of the Western Ghats appear more like rolling hills than craggy snow-covered peaks , parts of it do reach over 2,000 metres and it contains the highest mountain in India, the Anaimudi, at 2,695 metres. These rains feed dozens of rivers that originate in the mountains , and flow down into India, providing drinking water, irrigation, and power for approximately 245 million people. The , which run east from the Western Ghats to the River Kaveri, forms a forested ecological corridor that connects the Eastern and Western Ghats, and allows the second-largest wild population in India to range between the South Eastern Ghats, the Biligiri and Hills, and the South. In fact, the Ghat is said to be the watershed of many rivers as the Ghat gets higher average waterfall. In India, while coffee plantations were well developed over the last century in Western ghats, expansion of coffee in Eastern ghats is still to develop.
Unlike the western ghats, they are discontinuous in nature and is dissected by the rivers that drain into the Bay of Bengal. Any other use Please contact the copyright owners directly copyright and contact details are shown for each media item to negotiate terms and conditions for any use of Material other than those expressly permitted above. They extend over a length of 1700 Km in a north-east south-west direction and have average width of 220 Km in the north and 100 Km in the south. Geography The Eastern Ghats are older than the Western Ghats, and have a complex geologic history related to the assembly and breakup of the ancient supercontinent of and the assembly of the supercontinent. The Deccan Plateau lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats. The Massif is considered the farthest northeast extension of the Eastern Ghats. The important ecoregions consist of , , , shrub lands, and.
The plants that dominate the vegetation in these forests are species, , , spp. These tribes have good knowledge about the region and its produce and thereby make a good use of its medicinal plants. Important rivers such as the Tungabhadra, the Krishna, the Godavari have their origin point in the western ghats. The Madugula Konda Range is located in the northern portion of the Eastern Ghats. The average height of this region is about 900 metres above mean sea level. However, the western ghats do have passes such as the Bhor ghat, Pal ghat, and Thal ghat which makes it possible to travel through the western ghats despite the fact that they are continuous.
Selective logging, conversion of land to agriculture, and clearance for the construction of reservoirs, roads and railways have all played a part in this habitat loss. Not only does this cycad host the plains cupid butterfly Edales pandava , but it is also thought that fruit bats feed on its seeds, providing one of the few food sources in the forest during the monsoon season. In total 454 species under 243 genera and 78 families are endemic to Eastern Ghats. Like Western Ghats, thus, Eastern Ghats also carry a heap of ecological importance. Dipterocarp trees of the family Dipterocarpaceae: resinous trees that are found in the old world tropics. They almost disappear between the Godavari and the Krishna.
As you may be kindly, aware that Eastern Ghats is a discontinuous range of mountains on the east coast of India is an important physiographic entity with immense bio-geographic, environmental, socio-economic, cultural and spiritual significance. Similar efforts yet to put in place to revive the pristine glory of the Eastern Ghats. The main hill range starts from to known as. The Eastern Ghats are not as high as the Western Ghats. This includes the peculiar-looking , which was only recently discovered in the southern Western Ghats, and represents an entirely new. The Palar River cuts through the ranges.
Concept Publishing Company, New Delhi. Other large animals such as Nilgiri Tahr, , Gaurs, Sambar, and tigers abound the landscape. The lies to the west of the range, between the Eastern Ghats and. Some 40 km from the south end of the Javadu Hills starts the Kalvarayan Hill range. Forest Development Corporation in the year 1985. The flora of the ecoregion share many affinities with the moist forests of the Western Ghats and the eastern.