With regards to theory — unless you are researching new phenomena that has never been researched before or are developing a completely new approach unlikely you will not be creating 'new' theory with your research project. After reading and referring back to your original bullet points, you may find that the data reacts in a surprising manner. Ask what mental and emotional associations they have with the subject of your study, whether it's a medical condition, an event, or another topic. One approach to this study could be examining what factors might shape that readiness — i. Positivist, single case study research in information systems: A critical analysis.
If it is the latter then the approach should be inductive. But in any event, you are the only one who can decide whether an inductive or deductive approach is appropriate for your research project. In contrast to the intrinsic case study, the particular case which is chosen is of less importance than selecting a case that allows the researcher to investigate an issue or phenomenon. New York: Cambridge University Press, 2007; Merriam, Sharan B. For instance, a case study of a person with depression, designed to help communicate the subjective experience of depression to therapist trainees. When the in-depth interview is conducted face to face it gives a better opportunity to read the body language of the respondents and match the responses.
Thanking you awaiting for your mail soon. Theoretical frameworks may also play an important role in integrating different sources of data and examining emerging themes. Phenomenology Phenomenology can be considered a philosophical approach to undertaking qualitative research. The outcome of providing this information might be that the emotive burden associated with participation, or the organisational disruption associated with supporting the fieldwork, is considered so high that the individuals or sites decide against participation. Describing atypical individuals may lead to poor generalizations and detract from external validity.
However, if you are doing a dissertation, say for an undergraduate degree where you are not undertaking primary research then inductive or deductive approaches are not applicable. Literature Review The literature review for a case study research paper is generally structured the same as it is for any college-level research paper. Often, however, the person writing these will not have a marketing background. Hospital electronic health record systems have developed and been implemented far more slowly than was originally envisioned. I have used provisional coding as a first cycle method which identified a set of themes by which to analyze a Healthcare environment. You may be asked to prove that the case study does no harm to its participants.
Sample Paper The approach to research is based on the qualitative approach to research in the interpretivist paradigm. My question is this: Can online survey questionnaire be used with the inductive approach? If studying people, research information in their past that may be relevant, possibly including medical history, family history, or history of an organization. Consider perspectives on approaching the question and the related bullet points. Case studies are commonly used in social science research and educational settings. You may be asked to prove that the case study does no harm to its participants. A good background knowledge of the research topic and similar case studies could help guide your own research as well, especially if you are writing a critical interest case study. There one can go over books and other reference material to collect relevant data that can likely be used in the research.
Have quotations been used effectively? Care must be taken to ensure the anonymity of both case sites and individual participants if agreed in advance by allocating appropriate codes or withholding descriptors. The researcher would not be able to reach a valid conclusion or make any recommendations regarding the research based on speculation and assumptions in the absence of appropriate facts McNabb 2004. Based on my reading, i found some researchers used deductive approach in their case study. Conclusions The case study approach allows, amongst other things, critical events, interventions, policy developments and programme-based service reforms to be studied in detail in a real-life context. Objectives: To investigate the formal and informal ways pre-registration students from a range of healthcare professions medicine, nursing, physiotherapy and pharmacy learn about patient safety in order to become safe practitioners. This approach necessitates the researcher beginning with a completely open mind without any preconceived ideas of what will be found. Ask permission from a client.
In my experience so far authors seem to evade this point. Access is therefore a central consideration; the researcher needs to come to know the case study site s well and to work cooperatively with them. For example, If you are seeking to ascertain how many people read the news on their smartphones then a quantitiative method is most appropriate. For example, anecdotal evidence may suggest drug use among homeless veterans is related to their patterns of travel throughout the day. Considering the frequency with which implementations of innovations are now taking place in healthcare settings and how well the case study approach lends itself to in-depth, complex health service research, we believe this approach should be more widely considered by researchers. Create an outline describing how you will gather data and answer your research questions.
Data Gathering: Are data-gathering activities outlined? Phase 2a: Organisational context Policy and management views of patient safety and influences on patient safety education and practice. Finish by describing how you can apply similar solutions across the industry. A case study may feel less data-driven than a medical trial or a scientific experiment, but attention to rigor and valid methodology remains vital. Another way to think about choosing a case to study is to consider how the results from investigating a particular case may result in findings that reveal ways in which to resolve an existing or emerging problem. Almost all case studies are required by law to obtain ethical approval before they can begin. My research aim is to determine possibly explore as Its not currently making sense the discrepancy that exists between the designer and a specific user group of a Healthcare environment.
The main difference between inductive and deductive approaches to research is that whilst a deductive approach is aimed and testing theory, an inductive approach is concerned with the generation of new theory emerging from the data. Regardless of the type of case study, data collection method or data analysis method, all case studies have advantages and disadvantages. In collective or multiple case studies, data collection needs to be flexible enough to allow a detailed description of each individual case to be developed e. Our focus was on how the technology was being implemented. This is an appropriate approach when the question being studied is more general in nature and the data provides an overview. Quantitative studies commonly ask questions of who, what, where, how much and how many.