Here are some of the most commonly agreed upon periods of American literature from the colonial period to the present. Edited by James Bishop Peabody. Source: Wayne Craven, Sculpture in America. The Age of Reason: intended to revive moral thinking while religion appears to be ruined when under control of the government. A talented scholar wins first place in the court examination and a beautiful girl is made a lady of the first rank; so the scholar and the lady are happy, the professors who read this are happy too, and low-class people, I suppose, have to be happy with them. The first , A Narrative of the Uncommon Sufferings, and Surprizing Deliverance of Briton Hammon, a Negro Man, was published in Boston in 1760.
Many of these writers were influenced by World War I and the disillusionment that followed, especially the expatriates of the Lost Generation. Thomas Jefferson, the third President of the United States, and the father of the Democratic party, was the author of the Declaration of Independence, whose opening sentences have become commonplaces in the memory of all readers. Proposed to assuage the fears of Anti-Federalists who had opposed Constitutional ratification, these amendments guarantee a number of personal freedoms, limit the government's power in judicial and other proceedings, and reserve some powers to the states and the public. He worked his hardest to create a structure that everyone can follow and obtain the rights they are given as a human being. They generally do not ask for special privileges, or try to assess the will of God through prayer.
In the mid-1770s Wright moved to London, where her artistic skill and odd mannerisms a loud voice and intense stare attracted the attention of many important people. And my experience in Peking in recent years has gradually undermined my faith in the old literary theories on which I was brought up. Dickens -Constitution -Bill of Rights -Nationalistic Poetry Most important authors: Patrick Henry, George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Ben Franklin, and the correspondence between John and Abigail Adams. Major writers include , , , , Edgar Allan Poe and Herman Melville. He was born in Philadelphia in 1771, lived a part of his life in New York and part in his native city, where he started, in 1803, the Literary Magazine and American Register.
Again, that is a period of poverty when men are so hard put to it to find bread that they are in no mood to talk of literature. Literature of this kind heralded the October Revolution. As America was bigger than Argos and Troy we ought to have a bigger epic than the Iliad. The age, moreover, was an eloquent, not to say a rhetorical, age; and the influence of Johnson's orotund prose, of the declamatory Letters of Junius, and of the speeches of Burke, Fox, Sheridan, and the elder Pitt is perceptible in the debates of our early Congresses. One of the most popular forms of political writing was satire, especially plays, essays, and poems. Behold the Child: American Children and Their Books, 1621—1922.
The colonists who would form a new nation were firm believers in the power of reason; they were ambitious, inquisitive, optimistic, practical, politically astute, and self-reliant. . They do not view God as an entity in human form. They pleased their wealthy customers by imitating successful European styles, often producing portraits of rich colonials posed as they might have been in an English portrait. In Soviet Russia, however, they have both types. Thomas Jefferson was also a major literature writer during the revolutionary war, he had written drafts for the constitution, and helped write the final draft.
They are interesting in their exhibit of a bitter and eccentric individuality, witty, incisive, and expressed in a pungent and familiar style which contrasts refreshingly with the diplomatic language and glittering generalities of most congressional oratory, whose verbiage seems to keep its subject always at arm's-length. Many other documents like this came through the government. He had been on Washington's staff during the war, and was several times an inmate of his house at Mount Vernon, where he produced, in 1785, the best-known of his writings, Mount Vernon, an ode of a rather mild description, which once had admirers. The narrative is by turns abrupt and tiresomely prolix, proceeding not so much by dialogue as by elaborate dissection and discussion of motives and states of mind, interspersed with the author's reflections. In 1776 English-born political writer 1737—1809 published a pamphlet titled Common Sense. Also known as the in America and the Age of , this period is commonly accepted to be the greatest of American Literature. Revolutionary soldier 1738-1789 of Vermont wrote about his experiences as a prisoner of war.
The writers wrote about science, ethics, and government. The harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph. It is observed by barbarians—a whiff of tobacco-smoke or a string of beads gives not merely binding force but sanctity to treaties. Ambition and hard work were continuously stressed. Most of the literary works of this genre are composed of letters, journals, biographies and memoirs. A company of English players came to this country in 1762 and made the tour of many of the principal towns. Among the most important of these political essays were the Circular Letter to each Colonial Legislature, published by Adams and Otis in 1768; Quincy's Observations on the Boston Port Bill, 1774, and Otis's Rights of the British Colonies, a pamphlet of one hundred and twenty pages, printed in 1764.
Jefferson has some claims to rank as an author in general literature. His Travels in New England and New York, including descriptions of Niagara, the White Mountains, Lake George, the Catskills, and other passages of natural scenery, not so familiar then as now, was published posthumously in 1821, was praised by Southey, and is still readable. Common Sense Paine's writing is passionate and confident but very simple. What are the periods of American literature? Paine rested his argument against Christianity upon the familiar grounds of the incredibility of miracles, the falsity of prophecy, the cruelty or immorality of Moses and David and other Old Testament worthies, the disagreement of the evangelists in their gospels, etc. His comedy, The Georgia Spec, 1797, had a great run in Boston, and his Algerine Captive, published in the same year, was one of the earliest American novels. Whenever I was short of money in Peking, I made the rounds to borrow some and wrote not a single word.